The Dynamics Of Societal And Institutional Drifts In The Middle East And South Asia



As the societies in the Islamic world undergo rapid transition, its institutions of governance are being pushed to adjust. Some of the major causes of this high flux are, for example, the campaign against extremists and the Arab Spring. These, obviously, have gotten intertwined with demographic patterns and the consequences of environmental change.

At the same time, it’s not appropriate to use the word ‘Islamic world’ as each Muslim state has its own system of governance and cultural peculiarities. For instance, monarchs mostly rule the Arab world. Pakistan has had both military and political leaders. Since the 1979 Iranian revolution, the country has evolved its own system. Some circumstances of Egypt look very similar to Pakistan, especially when it comes to the involvement of its military in politics and security policies of the country and the region. In addition to the internal dynamics of these nations, the interests and influences of global powers have also historically exerted tremendous sway on various institutions of governance.

Any given society is represented by different schools of thoughts, often taking the form of ideologies. These various expressions, often known as liberalism, socialism, nationalism, and conservatism, represent pathways through which individuals, ethnicities and nations, attempt to adapt and present their response to the constantly changing environment around them. However, the important thing to consider is what is perceived as causing change, because that has an influence on the type of response that is formulated.

In this context, PoliTact has noted in previous analyses that the prevailing ground situation in Pakistan has caused the political space for liberals to shrink considerably, as the nationalists and different brands of conservatives are gaining ground. It was also noted that this trend is not unique to Pakistan, and the same is occurring in Bangladesh and other part of the Middle East. This obviously has implications for the future politics of these nations and for the region they reside in.

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